Liquid Citizenship Revisited


The City of a Hundred Nations


The passport is an object that acts.


It does not allow movement but rather controls, monitors and regulates it.


An object designed for state control and surveillance – a tool to monopolise the means of movement.


It upholds global inequality and immobility through the arbitrary circumstances of place of birth – the birthright lottery.


Not least because its current solid singular mono-national design upholds nationalism and consolidates state power.


The commoditization of this object only serves to enhance inequality.


As seen in the UAE/ Kuwait – Comoros Islands deal, in which the Bidoon population were bought Comorian passports and deported – a form of legalised human trafficking.


And through cash-for-passports programs that create global mobility corridors only for the super-rich 1%.


Despite this, the commoditization of the passport starts to dissolve its current solid mono-national form.


But what if we could amplify this model of commoditization to fully liquify citizenship and create a more pluralistic inclusive design.


What if each country provided a subscription based model for rights, based on the Netflix/ Spotify/ Amazon Prime economic models.


Each person would instead be the citizen of dozens of nations, accessing the best healthcare, education, transport, legal services etc from across the globe.


This would decentralise power from the state and into the hands of the individual – who could pick and choose nationality as it suits them – no longer could the Bidoon be deported from the UAE.


Rights become services and nations become service providers.


The individual subscribes only as they wish – a summer subscription to French parks, but people tend to cancel in winter.


In an increasingly globalised and cosmopolitan world society we need a restructured, accessible and active form of identification – a form of liquid citizenship.

A hacked, mutated and modular nationality that can shift and transform as quickly as the forces of digitised information and capital that act upon it.


Nations become deterritorialized and exist in the same space, competing for customers.


Energy from Scotland

Education from Sweden

Banking with the Cayman Islands

Transport by Japan

Legal Services by Canada

Policing by the USA 😛

Cinemas by Netflix

Festivals by Spotify

Healthcare by Denmark

Public Housing by Finland

Green Space by France

Postal Services by Amazon Prime

Culture by Hungary


Borders are dissolved and entrances to buildings become international boundaries.


Note: Each colour describes a different nation – with large signage to advertise their services.


More to follow.


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