LATE updates pt.2

email: courtesy of Etienne

Redefining what “panneur” means: if a “dépanneur” (repairman) repairs or fixes things, than the role of the panneur is to break them apart in the context of misfortune.


The mere threat of surveillance is what disciplines society according to Foucault. The idea that fellow people are watching and spectating reinforces the disciplinary society.


The concepts of “h’chouma” and “âyb” (between taboo and shame) rely on the idea that others are always watching.

“Faites ce que vous voulez, mais faites-le en cachette” (Do what you want, but do it discreetly) : Others not knowing of the “misbehaviour” becomes more important than not misbehaving.


Restrictions don’t rely on the law but on what is “accepted” by others.

Certain groups are scared to “loser the moral order”: smoking a cigarette for example is not forbidden but can easily lead to being shamed. On the other hand wearing a veil is not at all an obligation (in the law nor the religion) but it can be used as a “protection” to not get bothered on the street.

The law being too subjective can lead to a misuse of the force: in 2015 two girls were “slut shamed” for wearing skirts. As the police arrives on the scene, the two girls are taken to a safe place…… before getting arrested for “indecent outfit and behaviour”. In this case how did they judge what decency is?


Sexuality (and everything around it) becomes a collective concern rather than a private matter. The more restrictions (abortions being illegal for example) do not mean that it is less present, it just means that it happens in a more secretive manner:

–> unsafe, unhealthy, in dangerous conditions

–> “capitalime de la misère”: illegal abortions, hymen reconstituions, corruption etc.

The solutions proposed to get out of these bad / illegal conditions do not deal with the issue itself but propose “emergency plans”: Women On Waves for example offers legal abortions on international waters.


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