Hi Everyone, For the past days I was working on the continuum. Dividing my models on 3 coordinates. – Protagonists – Artifact – and Space.
Today I want to work on my text, and design the presentation for next week. ( At the moment I just updated the grains as you see below.) now I am working on the continuum text. will post more text later on today explaining the idea of the model.
Sunny day !
- Kitchen Debate: 1959
‘1959 Khrushchev and Nixon debated everything from American kitchens to American capitalism’
- The Kitchen debate was a debate between Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev.
- Nikita Khrushchev was a Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.
- Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States between 1969 to 1974.He became the only U.S. president to resign the office.
- In 1959, the Soviets and Americans had agreed to hold exhibits in each other’s countries as a cultural exchange to promote understanding.
- Architect Andrew Geller was the design supervisor for the exhibition called “Typical American House,” which took place in Moscow.
- The exhibition featured many displays of the latest “home appliances, televisions ,a model house priced to sell to an ‘average’ family, farm equipment, automobiles, boats, sporting equipment and a children’s playground etc, that every American family could to buy.
- This exhibit was intended to narrow the gap between the Americans and the Soviets and improve the political relations between them.
- The American politicians wanted to demonstrate the advantages of capitalism to the Soviets.
- The various displays of the exhibit were all successful in promoting the American way of life as superior to the Communist regime and lifestyle.
- Under the terms of the US-Soviet agreement, no political material was displayed in either exhibition. The American exhibition was less concerned with industrial and technical achievements than it was in promoting the idea that Americans enjoyed a better standard of living.
- Khrushchev was very satirically asked if there was a machine that “puts food into the mouth and pushes it down”. Nixon responded by saying at least the competition was technological, rather than military. Both men agreed that the United States and the Soviet Union should seek areas of agreement.
- Piss Paintings: 1977
‘Andy Warhol tips his canvases on the floor, pees on them, calls them the Piss Paintings’
- In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Andy Warhol focused for the first time on the exploration of abstraction.
- In December 1977 Warhol began the Oxidations canvases made up of coppery yellows, oranges and greens. Surprisingly, the only paint used by Warhol in this work was the metallic copper background.
- Warhol invited friends to urinate onto a canvas covered in metallic paint in order to cause oxidation. The uric acid reacted with the copper in the paint, removing components of the pure metal to form mineral salts.
- Warhol and his collaborators experimented with both pattern and coloration by using a variety of metallic background paints and by varying the maker’s fluid and food intake.
- His collaborators on this project were Ronnie Cutronie and Victor Hugo.
- Ronnie Cutronie was Warhol’s Factory assistant from 1972 until 1980 and he was an American pop artist famous for his large-scale paintings of some of America’s favorite cartoon characters, such as Felix the Cat, Pink Panther and Woody Woodpecker.
- According to Warhol, Cutronie took a lot of Vitamin B, which caused the copper pigment to oxidize a particularly green color’.
- The second collaborator in this project who was asked to ‘assist’, much to the delight of the artist was Victor Hugo who, was a Venezuelan window-designer (showcases) based in New York, and a close friend of and photographic model for Andy Warhol in some of his Art Works.
- The Oxidation paintings are self-portraits of Victor Hugo and Ronnie Cutronie. Like blood, urine is rich in DNA.
- Urine marked territories; they trace signs of identity, even if that identity is unknown.
3) Six Memos for the Next Millennium by Italo Calvino: 1985
‘Italo Calvino died before writing the sixth memo for his series of lectures titled Six memos for the Next Millennium’
- Six Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard.
- The lectures never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy. The memos are lectures on the values of literature which Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium.
- At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture.
- The values which Calvino highlights are:
All that is known of the sixth lecture is that it was to be on consistency.
- According to Calvino, Lightness is best explained in opposition to heaviness. He explains that he is often concerned with subtracting weight from stories and language.
- In order to further define the quality of lightness, Calvino uses the myth of Perseus.
- (Perseus was a Greek hero that killed the Gorgon named Medusa. At birth, Medusa is described as being very beautiful. However, when Athena discovered Poseidon raping Medusa in her temple, she transformed Medusa’s hair into serpents and made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn onlookers to stone. In order to kill Medusa, Perseus was able to see Medusa through the reflection in his mirrored shield; he beheaded her without looking directly at her.)
- This story relates to the quality of lightness because it is inherently tied to perspective. Just as Perseus had to gain a different perspective in order to kill Medusa, we must look at things from a different perspective in order to work towards lightness.
- Calvino introduces his own personal motto and emblem which coincides with Quickness.
- Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly) is the motto that accompanies this emblem. It means that when working one should strive for haste, not speed. Speed sacrifices quality, haste embodies diligence.
- Quickness is the ability of a writer to control the speed of the story
- Quickness in writing has a rapidity and rhythm on the page; the pronunciation can create a tempo.
- Writing should have rapidity but not so much that the substance suffers
- According to Calvino, exactitude means three things:
- A well defined and well calculated plan for the work in question.
- A evocation of clear, incisive, memorable visual images.
- A language as precise as possible in choice of words and in expression of the subtleties of imagination.
- Calvino says that in our current society we are constantly inundated with images. So in a world where visuals and images dominate, our words need to be vivid to gain attention.
- Calvino uses a personal anecdote to explain Visibility. He says that when he was a child he usually preferred and wrote stories that were focused on visual images. For example: a boy who climbs a tree and then makes his way from tree to tree without ever coming down to earth, or an empty suit of armor that moves and speaks as if someone were inside.
- When he became a more experienced writer he altered his viewpoint and believes instead that the written word is more important.
- Calvino’s Multiplicity is the most abstract of all his concepts. Multiplicity is based on a world of systems. Each system within the system, conditions the others and is conditioned by the other systems.
- In this world of systems there is an inability to find an ending, as each system leads onto another.
- Calvino appreciates overambitious works that set goals beyond the author’s reach.
- These works are ones that usually try to define the universe but never find an end because of all the possible connections that are able to be made between different systems.
4) FAT (Fashion Architecture Taste): 2013
‘Fat engineered its own death as a means for reinvention’
- Fashion Architecture Taste was an art and architecture collaborative that first established itself in the 1990s in London.
- The studio was directed by Sean Griffiths, Charles Holland and Sam Jacob
- In 2013 they felt like they have explored the potential of the projects as much as possible. And they planed to end their 23-year-old practice with the completion of two major projects.
- A house inspired by fairytales that they are working on with artist Grayson Perry for the Living Architecture series of holiday homes.
- The curation of the British Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014.
- In 2014 they edit an issue of the ‘’Architect’s Journal’’ (magazine), with the title ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’
- They wrote about. Why ‘’death’’ might be the healthiest architectural option.
- They explored how resurrection, zombification, and other kinds of after lives have always been essential to new ideas in architecture.
- They gave all the news that’s ever happened and muse on death as a design project.
- They wanted to celebrate architects without architecture and to suggest new paths for those of us, who having benefitted from a wonderful education, want to escape the world of procurement, crap money and door schedules.’
- ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’suggests new beginnings, ways to make architecture meaningful and important again.
- They came to a conclusion that the profession in its current form will not survive and that the successful architects of the future will not be architects at all. They will be engaged in a much wider range of activities, will be more entrepreneurial and will operate outside of the profession.
- They discussing the battle between the definitions of architecture as discipline or as a profession, which are often at odds, partly because the discipline is the idea of architecture that echoes down the centuries, down the millennia.
- The profession is relatively a recent invention and has essentially hijacked the term to make it mean something else.
- By making architecture a function of business and bureaucracy, it has offered up an idea of what an architect is that can easily be picked off by those better prepared for business and bureaucracy . on the other hand , it is cending its disciplinary ground to other forms of creative practice.
5) Network applies at the AA: 2029
‘In 2029, a network applies to the Diploma school. The interview panel rejects it and suggests third year. Network appeals the decision.’
- Ray Kurzweil. Google’s director of engineering inventor has predicted that Machines will achieve human-level artificial intelligence by 2029.
- Kurzweil, who is considered by some to be the world’s leading artificial intelligence visionary, is recognized by technologists for popularizing the idea of “the singularity” – the moment in the future when men and machines will supposedly converge
- The engineer believes machines and humans will eventually merge through devices implanted in the body to boost intelligence and health.
- We’re already a human machine civilization; we use our technology to expand our physical and mental horizons and this will be a further extension of that.”
- We’ll have intelligent nanobots go into our brains through the capillaries and interact directly with our biological neurons,”
- The entrepreneur and futurologist has predicted that in 15 years’ time computers will be more intelligent than we are and will be able to understand what we say, learn from experience, make jokes, tell stories and even flirt.
6) Gigantic 3D Printer
‘In 2044 building sized 3d printers will make copies of what cities were supposed to look like as described in old fashioned science fiction novels.’
- This giant technology (gigantic 3D printer) will be able to create entire structures out of concrete.
- The 3D printing technology is called “contour crafting,”
- Apparently contour crafting could also reduce the total cost of owning a home, and make it easier to repair homes that are damaged by natural events.
- Contour crafting would also embed all of the necessary requirements to run a home, such as electricity, plumbing and air conditioning.
- Using this process, a single house or a colony of houses, each with possibly a different design, may be automatically constructed in a single run.
D shape 3D printer
- D-Shape is a new robotic building system using new materials to create superior stone-like structures. The inventor is the Italian robotics engineer Enrico Dini.
- In 2009 he worked with architect Andrea Morgante to print a three-metre-high pavilion resembling a giant egg with large holes in its surface.
- Dini worked with designer Marco Ferreri in 2010 to create the first dwelling to be printed in one piece. The resulting “house” – a one-room structure resembling a mountain hut
- “It’s a very historical piece,” says Dini. “It was the first attempt to print a building.”
- Unfortunately it broke during transportation.
10 houses in a day
- Company WinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent.
- Also The world’s tallest 3D printed building –a five-story apartment
Whole building in one go
- Janjaap Ruijssenaars: In 2009 entered a competition for a location in Belwell, on the western coast of Ireland. The location was so beautiful that he thought, that bringing traditional architecture is going to make a cut in the landscape. So our question was: “can you make a building like landscape?”
- The question was to create a continuous structure that doesn’t have a beginning and doesn’t have an end.