In 2000 the Polish philosopher Zygmunt Bauman coined the term ‘Liquid Modernity’. It can be defined as an era of flux- a flowing state of constant interminable change: liquid uncertainty. All that was previously considered to be rigid, solid and certain struggles for legitimacy, submerged within the volatile ocean of late-modernity.
Liquid modernity has administered the solvent required to melt the once solid structures of citizenship and the state. Quasi commodification of citizenship, so called cash-for-passports programs among other supra-terrestrial economic and digital citizenship schemes have redefined citizenship into a more transient, uncertain, changeable and pluralistic form. Thus nation states are becoming increasingly extra medium – seeking artificially inflate their populations and expand beyond their physical and territorial limits, spawning a new generation of global cosmopolitans, unbound from territory and nationalism – an identity hacker. These digitised nomadic individuals relinquish nationality in pursuit of a liquefied supra-terrestrial identity.