Author Archives: Maridia Kafetzopoulou

Final Section & final model

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update

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Section ( work in progress)

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UPDATE ! model, Section, and fix drawings

Holla,

Plan:

Model is almost finish 3 more piece to include, now I am working on a long section and then i have to fix the layering drawings.

 

 

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keep calm and keep working…..

-Plan Update for the rest of the week-

Friday: presentation and text,- rethink how to present all the work- EDIT AND CLARIFY!!!!!!( this is very important in my case and I probably need one more day for that.)

Saturday: laser cut model frame and Section finish ( The one I started with the Barragan fountain)

Sunday: Frame-assemble +

Monday: by Monday afternoon I will have all the 3D Printed pieces that goes inside the frame (Fingers crossed!!).

my aim for Tuesday’s tut is to bring and perform the physical model.

I don’t really have something to post because its in the process but this is what I have so far ( see pic)…

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Model making and section

 

 

 

 

Holla,

I ‘ve been working on the water section and the model at the same time,  but my main focus since yesterday is the model because is the most time consuming.

The model has in total 18 spaces to fill in, some will be objects and some spaces.

the frame is going to be clear perspex so the models inside look like as they are floating + i don’t want to put any emfasis anymore in the frame..

so far i have done the first one. it took me a while to design the frame together with what sits inside because it had to work on multiple levels for the performance.I am starting with one moment where Duchamp’s fountain is rotating and there is this transition from urinal to artefact. ( Duchamp defeated the uninal!)below I 3d printed the plinth where the fountain is going to sit. now I am printing the fountain so by tomorrow I will have 2 out of 18 moments of the model.

push push push :)

 

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Update + moving on.

Finish with layering drawings and moving on to the very last room where all the frames end up.

After the architect “faces his own death”  ( see last drawing)

He finds himself ( Reinvented) inside his office, where all the frames are hanged on the wall.I will work on this drawing tomorrow morning.

night night

M

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Layering drawing update

Working on the same series of drawings, I have 9 more to come and my aim it to finish all of them tonight.

 

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Layering set of drawings (more to come)

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Designing the model ( work in progress)

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Fragments and views of the model.

I am working on the first 2 moments on the model.. my I am is to play with different scales and put everything in the model device. The previous 3 days I am working on each fragment separately and this afternoon I am working on the conditions of connectivity through the model.

+Usually my renders are either all white or grey and from now on I want to introduce colour to the project.

 

my aim for this week is to work on as many as possible fragments separately (build 3d models)and at the same this to work on how these fragments connect in the model.

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Working on fragments for the model

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White book + storybord

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First attempt to redesign the model.+ exq c. collages

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2 Days JedLagged Now back to work :)

Another Exquis corpse:  by Zaha Hadid Architects–>Port House, Antwerp, Opening 22/ 9/16

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Torre Reforma.

 

 

 

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Plan for the rest of the week:

1. White book layout and format. Put all the work which I have done so far together.

2. Story board for the white book. ( looking though my TS book all the pages came out because of the storyboards I made in 2nd term. I will start to do the same, from now on the white book with the project will develop together.

3. Animation of my first model. ( I booked the photo studio on Saturday and I planing to do an animation that shows the performance of the first model. I think it will help me a lot during presentation so I don’t need to perform the old model anymore and only the new one.)

3. Readings (Derrida The Truth in Painting)  for inspiration

4. 3D model of the next physical model.

5. Presentation Text

will try to post every day something to push my production.

xxxx

M

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Pedro Friedeberg_Patrick Charpenel_Carlos fuentos

Pedro Friedeberg

“Maybe you know Pedro Friedeberg as the man behind the now infamous Hand Chair. But did you know the Mexico City-based Friedeberg, along with Frida Kahlo, were the only two Mexican artists recognized by Andre Breton as part of the Surrealist movement? That makes Friedeberg the last of the Mexican Surrealists.” – Juxtapoz Magazine Dec 2011

Pedro Friedeberg  is a Mexican artist and designer known for his surrealist work filled with lines colors and ancient and religious symbols. His best known piece is the “Hand-Chair” a sculpture/chair designed for people to sit on the palm, using the fingers as back and arm rests. Friedeberg began studying as an architect but did not complete his studies as he began to draw designs against the conventional forms of the 1950s and even completely implausible ones such as houses with artichokeroofs.

Los Hartos

Friedeberg belongs to a group of 20th century surrealist artists, which in Mexico include  Gunther Gerzso, Mathias Goeritz, Alice Rahon, Kati Horna, Leonora Carrington,  Remedios Varo Paul Antragne, who were grouped together under the name of Los Hartos.

Mine blowing drawings! –> “exquis corps” in Architecture!  thats my guy!actually this is the first reference which closer to what I visualise for my project..–> the machine generates these absurd architectural justupositions. (over the break i started 3D modelling the machine which i stopped for couple of days now to start researching for Mexico, I have to catch up )

–>pedro_Friedeberg-05 tumblr_mt49wjKtAx1qanqxuo1_1280 U_191_493472717785_pedro3 pedrov-ideobanner-ok pedro4

 

Pedro Friedeberg  and David Choe

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–>http://davidchoe.com/2013/david-choe-session-with-pedro-friedeberg

From his first exhibition, his work has had an easily identifiable style, although it is not easily classifiable. He often uses architectural drawing as his medium to create unusual compositions including designs for useless objects, often as a result of boredom.He has studied and incorporated elements of various artistic and design trends from his lifetimes from Art Nouveau to Op Art.  Much of his work has an industrial quality, stemming from his training as an architect.However, there is a dream like quality as well, painting impossible palaces and other structures, with innumerable halls and rooms, secret passages and stairs which are often absurd.

Irony and surfeit are generally expressed through the almost hallucinogenic repetition of elements and formal disorder, but it is the result of conscious thought. He classifies his work as eclectic and hybrid. His art is not political, it is art for art’s sake and he states it is elitist. He does not believe in making art “for the people” because most people do not care about it. His art almost always have a sarcastic and cynical touch.He says his only intention in his art is to make fun of himself and everyone else.

 

Patrick Charpenel (Director of Fundación Jumex Arte Contemporáneo, Mexico City.) the museum is next to Soumaya Museum and designed by David Chipperfiels.

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–>https://news.artnet.com/art-world/will-museo-jumex-lose-director-over-canceled-herman-nitsch-show-268061

http://blogs.artinfo.com/artintheair/2015/02/11/jumex-museum-director-finally-speaks-to-nitsch-cancelation/

Carlos fuentos

I think this summarise it all

 

–> http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/16/books/carlos-fuentes-mexican-novelist-dies-at-83.html

 

will post later for the rest.

 

 

 

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Santiago Genoves_ Esquivel_ Moises Cosio

Moises Cosio (fim director and collector)

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What was the first piece that impressed you?     

“Faith Moves Mountains” by Francis Alys. From that point on, I realised the social importance in art and how art had more to do with social practices rather than just being aesthetically pleasing.

“Alÿs visited Lima in 2000 just before the collapse of the Fujimori government and found ‘a desperate situation that called for an “epic response”, at once futile and heroic, absurd and urgent.’ He returned in 2002 to organise When Faith Moves Mountains, persuading 500 Peruvian students to walk in a line up a sand dune on the outskirts of the city, digging as they went, thus displacing the dune by a few centimetres. The action – Alÿs’s most visually spectacular to that date – was filmed from various positions and the images were subsequently used on postcards, whilst the artist also encouraged the spread of news of the work through rumour and myth.”

Mexico’s Bright Collecting Future! 

interesting article however I found some of his answers a bit dry, he doesn’t say that much.

–>http://www.larryslist.com/artmarket/the-talks/mexicos-bright-collecting-future/

ALUMNOS 47 ( His foundation,which supports the local arts community in Mexico City as well as projects related to film, media, and social issues.)

–>http://alumnos47.org

also good to know in general –> https://news.artnet.com/people/meet-20-of-the-worlds-most-innovative-art-collectors-117315

Mexico City was a host to a range of cultural events at the beginning of this year with Zona Maco and Material art fair. How do you see Mexico’s art scene progress further?  
“I see it developing a lot. I see it is becoming more popular everyday and a lot of people are giving it more attention. Nonetheless, it is really important now that artists do not confuse the neon lights with stars, and focus on the content rather than on the form.”

The 2 most popular Art fairs in Mexico.

Zona Maco–>http://zsonamaco.com/en/

Material Art Fair–>http://material-fair.com/en

 

Juan García Esquivel

The King of Space age pop:–>http://www.spaceagepop.com/esquivel.htm

Space age pop –> associated with Mexican and American composers and songwriters in the Space Age of the 1950s and 1960s. It is also called bachelor pad music or lounge music.Space age pop was inspired by the spirit of those times, an optimism based on the strong post-war economy and technology boom, and excitement about humanity’s early forays into space.”

After listening to some of his compositions I realised that they sound familiar to me! my grandfather used to listen to his music. The intro of the second piece reminds me of the composition Natasha’s presented on the first jury.

 

Santiago Genoves ( imagine what happened there…omg..I don’t even want to know… there is a documentary and book written by Genoves that goes into details..)

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–>http://www.weirdexperiments.com/raft.htm

For the French Speakers ( i don’t understand a word of french maybe somebody translate, Natasha? Sab?

Also –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t8AYjPzrZVA

Ra I and Ra II  Expedition

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In 1969 and 1970 respectively, Genovés had been a crewmember on Ra I and Ra II, the craft constructed out of papyrus reeds by the Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl. As with his Kon-Tiki, Heyerdahl wanted to use these expeditions to corroborate his theories about epic voyages made by early peoples. During these voyages, Genovés learned what every sailor has known since time immemorial: ‘There’s no better testbed for studying human behaviour than floating around together on the high seas in a cockle-shell.’

–>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAGNLIpi4BQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Visits_ Bilbao

Thoughts and Question for Bilbao: from her projects I was most interested in the prototype she build for the Chicago Architecture Biennial and the Ajijic House because in both projects she tries to make the most out of a very small budget and especially with the prototype she is interested in what is needed in Mexico. Given there is a shortage of 9 million houses in Mexico what is your vision on this Project? (So far I think around 30 were built).

–>http://borgenproject.org/poverty-in-mexico-2/

Chicago Architecture Biennial

Bilbao has designed a low-cost house that can be adapted to suit varying numbers of residents, and can be expanded as a family grows.

“Bilbao said there weren’t enough architects developing this kind of project in Mexico:

“The problem is there’s very little people thinking of developing these things,” said the architects”It’s really a model that is very needed. It is very urgent that these people get spaces with a little bit more quality.”

 

 

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Ajijic House smart and pretty .

Despite the small budget, the client asked Bilbao to design a house of ambitious scale that combines open family areas with more private spaces, and makes the most of views towards the lake and surrounding hills.

We designed the building in response to the material’s structural properties,” Bilbao told Dezeen. “In this way, we could meet the budget because we didn’t need to add an extra structure, an extra finish or extra insulation.”

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Visits_ Productora, Dellekamp

PRODUCTORA

From a great variety of projects I found interesting the Tsunami Memorial site which also is a bit relevant to my project. The frame creates a constant conversation between a binary condition. It almost tries to frieze and highlight the conversation between man and nature.

“By inserting a perfect square into the site – trapped in between the condition of sea and land – we propose a reflection on the dialectics of man and nature. We provide a frame of special experience around (and in) a constantly changing piece of nature. Situating the platonic form in between low and high sea level, the square can become an extension of land towards the sea, or can be ´taken´ by the sea and almost disappear. A reflection about space, about nature, about us.”

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Villa in Ordos

“Exquis corp” within an “Exquis corp”(?!)

Discontinuity within discontinuity builds continuity within continuity……

I would like to question how did you come up with the idea of a fragmented building? Do you think by reflecting the brief itself creates a nice blend of the project within the already “discontinues” Ordos city?In my opinion the design opens up and allows for constant conversation with the neighbouring villas….was that on purpose while designing it?or were you thinking only about your own continuity within your site?

 

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Also

–> Might be interesting for Natasha’s project.http://www.productora-df.com.mx/projects/186/?s=5

House of Music, Budapest

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Dellekamp

From the projects such as the Octagon, the AR58,Crusoe House Siglo XXI and the Tlacolula 11H system.( block social) It seams to me that you are often inspired by modular systems where you trying to explore the endless possibilities of the system.  Is there something specific about the performance of the modular or the aesthetic composition that you interested in?

Octagono

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AR 58

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Block social

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Villa ordos

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What is the one thing you learned and you didn’t know before as an architect from your participation in the Ordos project?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mexico part 2_Visit_1_she looks like Kahlo!….isn’t she??!update

Frida Escobedo

My First impression: Omg she looks like Kahlo!….isn’t she??!

House No 49 for Ordos:

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Even though this is not my favourite project of hers my question for Friday would be about her experience and participation at the Ordos 100. Watching the documentary Ordos 100 this project is actually similar to our brief.( also recommended_ I found it fascinating to watch 100 architects from all over the world to gather for one project. )

(sec 6:39 Architect Sharon Rotbards from Babel Architects in Israel talks about the Ordos 100 as being the “Exquis Corp” of Architecture(!) )

Architects randomly were given the site they had to design (reminds me of Natasha in the beginning of the Year…..

I love the second image where each individual architect tries to put his own insertion to the “continuum” .

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Thoughts and Questions:

How was the experience to design a house in this context? or a house without any context because it is in the desert? What was special about building actually a new city? this very first step of a new city…..Architects are used to have some form of restrictions that guide their design, where in Ordors it seems to me like working in a vacuum.How resistant a lot of Architects are to that chaos?Were you able to share thoughts and ideas or everyone had to do its own thing?When you started your design did you have in mind that you were part of something bigger?The whole process must have created preliminary questions of what is house and what is Architecture… How do you design a house especially a villa for a client that you don’t know, you don’t know who is going to live in?there is no 1 to 1 conversation to know what he wants. A villa to me is something very private and usually villas are custom made with demanding clients….

I like when at some point at the documentary some architect says Ordos is like a zoo, wild and surreal.

Does anyone know what happened to Ordos 100? I was trying to find online what happened but I couldn’t find a clear answer… some villas were built no?

Going back to Frida’s work….

What I loved about the following three projects is that each of them visually or not uses in a way movement as a way to question either a building ( La Tallera), a pavilion (You know, You Cannot see yourself so well as by Reflection) or an installation (The Civic Stage).and as a result to activate the space. In this way she draws parallels between the real and the fiction, architecture and theatre. She manages in very poetic way to make fiction very real and architectural.

 

 

 

 

 

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La Tallera: this is a nice example that shows with only one smart move you can change the whole function of a space, turning it from private to public. From house to gallery. Sab it might be interesting for your project..how to use and move from your 2D drawings to 3D space of the pull pin.This inflation deflation from 2d world to 3d…. Maybe its stupid but thats what comes to mind now.

You know, You Cannot see yourself so well as by Reflection

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“The whole idea was about this notion of wearing a mask,” “This is an appropriation of a space and it changes the face of the space temporarily, like a mask. And that generates different characters, just like in theatre.”

 

The Civic Stage

 

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http://www.designboom.com/architecture/civic-stage-by-frida-escobedo-12-03-2013/

“in real life as in theater, acting is a prerequisite. and yet, somehow, the creative freedom provided by performing on stage is somehow tamed down when acted out in real life. it is this condition of fiction — the reading of a theatrical performance as a moment detached from reality —, which allows for theatrical experiments to be so radically groundbreaking. but understanding that theater is as real as life, and acknowledging that the language it uses to communicate — visually, audibly, emotionally — with an audience, is the same language we use to understand each other in reality, why isn’t real life the stage where we can act out our desires?”

“what happens if a real-life public stage, a civic stage, is suddenly unveiled in our cities? what would happen if we re-frame the tamed reality of public space into a theatrical site of exchange were can collectively perform our aspirations? would fiction become real life and vice versa?’ – lisbon triennial 2013

 

 

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Holla Mexico! Background + Visits

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Before I start researching about our visits I was very much interested to find out about the history of Mexico city and general the history of Mexico. I never came across in detail the history of Latin America so I felt it is important for me to get an idea of the political and economical background in order to understand the Why the city and its Architecture is formed the way it is today and how it transformed from the 100bc until today. I watched a a documentary (recommended)

Part 1 –>www.youtube.com/watch?v=idLrPQlSQiU

Part 2 –>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MyZ0FzJ73n4

Part 3–>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXUrarqmchE

Part 4–>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0SuCn0HH-Q

part 1 ,2 and 4 are the most interesting ones. (Part 3 focus on the Mexican and US war ..after a while it gets really boring…)

Below you can find my notes.( sorry for the long text).  I tried to summarise the key points or the points that were more interesting to me.

  1. Teotihuacan the city of the Gods the first city of ancient mexico! 100 BC 125.000 citizen
  2. 1400 sq kilometres
  3. 12 sq miles
  4. a quarter of a million people the largest city of the world.
  5. 2 masive temples the pyramid of the sun and the pyramid of the moon
  6. 200 feet high
  7. By the 6th century was abandoned over run by hostile tribes of the north
  8. Maya 750 BC, and by 500 BC
  9. Tola (north)- Toltec empire – if you are a Toltec you are a great person, saint person 900-1168
  10. Aztecs artificial island to protect from invading’s
  11. Tenochtitlan–>Lake Texcoco
  12. Aztecs where guided to the land from a Ancient prophecy
  13. Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle on a nopal eating a serpent, which is now Mexico City
  14. They were told to build their capital where they found an eagle on a cactus–> that’s the symbol on their flag!
  15. They build the city in the lake and the city was safe from attacks
  16. “Cninenpas” islands artificial islands
  17. Huge pyramid twined by 2 temples one for the God of the sun and war and the other for the God of rain.
  18. Aztecs and human sacrifices
  19. They believed the world will end and in order for the God to keep the world safe they believed they need to sacrifice human blood.
  20. Children where sacrificed to the rain god
  21. Moctezuma à king of the Aztecs (the lord of the Aztecs) … 3000 servants over a 1000 wife’s
  22. The “White people” Spanish came
  23. The city of the true cross
  24. Cortés Spanish conquistador came a man of action, Aztecs conquered from Spain
  25. Cortes invaded the kingdom of Moctezuma.
  26. Cortez found the beautiful city of Tenochtitlan (artificial islands)
  27. Apart from the invasion a plague also weakened the Aztects.
  28. The Spaniards were too powerful, had horses they had weapons,advance technology etc.
  29. The end of the city of Tenochtitlan
  30. From the ruins of the Aztec Empire would emerge a new city.–> Mexico City
  31. The Aztec kingdom became the Spanish colony of new Spain.
  32. From Tenochtitlan to Mexico City.
  33. The Spaniards moved in the immediately the process of racial mixture began.
  34. By 1800, 5 million people leaved in Mexico. More than 1 miilion were mestizos ( Spanish and indian) another million where creoles mexica born Spaniards
  35. After 3 centuries of Spanish rule. More than 2million were pure blooded Indians
  36. At that time to be part of the Europeans you had more benefits.
  37. Most of inidians were trying to become Europeansà more benefits in business healthcare etc..
  38. Catholic Church primary force
  39. More than just a religion institution, the church permeated Mexican society, It was a dominant social thread powerful political force and the most visible authority in the nation.
  40. The Indians of Mexico adapted to the icons and rituals of the Roman Catholic church.
  41. Even the fundamental belief the sacrifice of the Christ on the cross was easily meshed with the indian believe of blood sacrifice.
  42. Several Indian gods were cristianished taking the identity of a Catholic saint.
  43. The Aztec Goddess was resaintified as the àThe virgin of quadelupe. An Indian incarnation of the virgin Mary .
  44. The Spanish churched dominated the towns in Mexico. The Churches were symbols of power of the Spanish rule.
  45. Unity of Church and State.
  46. Miguel Hidalgo was a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
  47. The father of Mexican independence
  48. He offered hope, change, freedom from the oppression they felt, he offered the possibility of a better life and Mexican followed him.
  49. 80000 peasants
  50. when he was about to invate Mexico city he changed him mind, he hesitated ( coming from Guanajuato)
  51. Hidalgos army was devastated. Hidalgo was executed by the state in 1811.
  52. Agustin de Iturbide with an agreement to join forces with the rebels–> new flag, three color of revolution à red for the union of Indian and Spaniards, white for the purity of their catholic religion and green for their independence.
  53. Agustin succeeded ( Indian, mestizo, creole) September in 1821 after 3 centuries of Spanish rule Mexico was finally free.
  54. Santa Anna 30 years of rule
  55. 1830s- the boundaries of the United States and those of Mexico were destined to collide in Texas
  56. Texas Revolution.
  57. Santa Anna recognized the Texas independence in exchange of his life after many battles between the Mexicans and Texas people.
  58. Texas was lost forever. The Mexican army was Brocken and demoralized.
  59. French invated Mexico
  60. Problems between Americans and Mexicans has began.
  61. Mexico-U.S War (April 25, 1846 – February 2, 1848)
  62. ……..
  63. Benito Pablo Juárez García, the first Indian president of Mexico.1858–1861.
  64. The Mexican lost a devastated war in the 1840s to the United States and gave a huge amount of lands to the Americans. The had been concurred by French and ruled by an Austrian emperor
  65. By the time the French were over thrown the country was in shambles: transportation was terrible and communications were in sad states of disrepair, the economy was in shambles, agriculture was in a terrible situation because of the lack of use of modern agricultural technics. It was a country that hardly had been touched by technological advances of the 19th
  66. With the death of the immensely popular Indian president Benito Pablo Juárez García in 1872, emerge the most prominent politician in the country next Porfirio Díaz.–> the need to establish stability in Mexico.( mexico was the most unstable nations in Latin America. à Porfirio Díaz belived that he had to stabilize the country through forceà Mexican army and national police force (the 5000 Rurales)
  67. Foreign money came into Mexico for more than tequila, girls and gambling
  68. By the early 1900s American investors like the Guggenheims started to poor money in Mexico because of cheep labor.
  69. American investments crew very quickly over a billion dollars.
  70. Porfirio Díaz the first head of state who had a good reputation abroad (Europe and the united states)à the reason he was favorably considered à he did stabilize his countryà he did modernized his countryà he did invite foreign capital and he protected foreign capital.
  71. Even in his portraits he becomes more lighter skinned so he looks more American and European.(?!) they speculate that he was using make up so you looked whiter and more acceptable to Europeans.
  72. Porfirio Díazà responsible for remarkable changes. à New factories- mines- trains.–> Mexico industrial age.
  73. Oil was found in the Mexican gulf coast and it was American and British companie who came and invest.
  74. –>streets –>ports–> telegraph–>railroad–> Installation of telephone and telegrah systems–>open mexico into the outside world in a new kind of way.
  75. However working conditions for the peasants and the very poor servants were terrible.the wages were very low and barely can survived from these conditions.
  76. Mexico City was remodeled along European lines. Most public building mostly designed by foreign architects. Even the house and villas took European fashion and manners.
  77. Dissatisfaction in the middle class.
  78. After a 3 decades of oppression. A Mexican leader was seriously challenge Porfirio Díaz (Francisco Indalecio Madero)
  79. Francisco Madero –>concered about social problems, however a member of the elite. –>represented political chance–> a new oppening
  80. 3 very different men will lead a revolution.
  81. Emiliano Zapata, a 31 year old poor horse trador from the south. Pancho Villa, A notorious man from the north and an idealistic land owner.
  82. June 1910 Francisco Madero entered Mexico city in triumph. But the revolution was not over. Emiliano Zapata pleated with Madero to allow his peasants in the south to keep the land they had won with their own blood.But Madero refused. Emiliano Zapata–>was outraged and considered Madero a tredor to the poor.
  83. By 1913 Emiliano Zapataà revolution against Madero.
  84. 1920 the revolution finally ended when Caranza himself–> Álvaro Obregón
  85. the population has been reduced by a million and half.
  86. After 10 years of chaos–> Alvaro Obregon brought an order and stability to Mexico since the days of the dictator Porfirio Díaz
  87. Mexico was to enjoy a half century of relative peace and progress under the new order.
  88. The system he established raised hopes for a better life for Mexicans and à gave millions of acers to peasantsà built schools
  89. Most importantly a new political partly was created that monopolized political power in the country, which provider much stability and order.
  90. The greatest problem inheritade from the Mexican Revolution was the issue of presidential successà to over come this they establish one strong political party (PRI)
  91. Mexico in the modern era. Even the revolution millions of its people remained poor. Where Mexico itself has a rich land full of natural resources. –>the majority of the people didn’t benefits from it
  92. 1920-1930s developed on of the worlds greates oil deposits. American and European investments.
  93. In the 19th cectury American stole half of Mexican territory.
  94. 1938 the PRI . expel the foreigners, the wealth flowing from Mexico’s oil field now goes to Mexico not to foreignersà nationalize the oil industry à Americans were outraged and they believed that the Mexicans would be incapable to run by them selves the oil industry à at the end nationalization of the oil didn’t happened because the economy would have greater high inflation numbers.
  95. However from the oil industry–> PRI did benefit. –> corruption
  96. Protest from students against PRI monopolistic power.–> many students were killed in order to control the situation.
  97. Today the PRI remains the dominant force of Mexican politics
  98. Despite its power–> corruptionà fraud–> unable to control illegal immigration–>unable to control drag trade
  99. 1968 Olympics.
  100. Mexico Is a remarkable resilient nation.
  101. NAFTA agreement. ( North American Free Trade Agreement) 1983. Trade barrier between Canada, Mexico and the U.S loweredà Aim for Mexico and the U.S to benefit from free trade. To create better economy for Mexico à good neighbor policy
  102. Mexico city with a population of 20 million –> area 950 sq miles –> 3xNY
  103. Nearly 3 centuries Spain ruled Mexico,
  104. After 300 years broke free from Spain but it could not so easly break the legacy of violence–> civil wars –>foreign invasions and revolutions have left lasting marks. The Mexican people were shaped by battle and blood–> still struggle to master the forces of fate, fortune and power.
  105. One of the Greatest Metropolis, remains a land of wild and salvage beauty.

 

I will put the visits on another post… this is already too….. long.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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carving the volumes to design spaces

1 3 hgzdfhzdfh

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Starting to design the next model

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1+1+1

 

 

 

http://www.dezeen.com/2016/03/14/1plus1plus1-candle-holders-furniture-spark-design-space-exhibition-iceland-designmarch-2016/

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Inspiration for new model

hk952hbyekclw520ea7tqzex816y29rjgka3w8uzp33osqrawebfd9iijxfyxq2x41010c561c3e18cd99fa9186af91d7e8879684_KiD9F53ec18ccb0c426f96199f5a2f04b4604a42imagesplanar_implied_cube_study_model_7_by_samongi-d5g5zn7tumblr_ly2tzvZOuj1r7t2cmo2_250us-embassy-maputo_allied-works-architecture_model-031a473d9b13e67e8792b780ece33e5328160_F_82041378_A6Qs2FtXbSRI3nX9ZIV9382yRtNBs0ysSkrmavbild 2014-01-25 kl. 15.39.22_905 tumblr_myw42uIJV11rlis9co1_1280 carved-book-sculptures-enpundit-2 b269961489576a11f4e32ac147d18cfc c4224753de4e9a1659419dcbeafeebdd Atelier-van-Lieshout-at-Miami-Basel-_dezeen_468_5 b015506ecd8b740bdb41d17675b2e566 a1fccb7ffb84ca7f5c34d677cb1bde0b ac2effcfdf159e476de748f8ab22b91b 1082086184 38817554686639faf329a1de3a2151671012a_bian1 81b714f2fc36a811dcfb0a63222d1146 083bff01c2287d29cedfb5ef26e247b6   36d0776bac2ac5b170eb7b4f73228fbb 26_el-amor-por-las-montanas-nos-curara-1_v2-640x428 9b3c3af098d269ef720d5e5c1e6b5bfc 6ea42436a8edfef5014f2b84332a1641tumblr_mjx0fpr3IS1s3wi0ro1_1280 steven-holl-architects-studio-visit-designboom-10 Skrmavbild 2014-01-25 kl. 15.39.22_905 SH_lobby_Copyright_Steven_Holl_S

 

 

row of models Resonant-Vessels plaster1 Picture3-11guy_laramee_grand_larousse_detail images f63ffd865a71c70c22856a982e5acddf cube2 d4f223ffac7065de9ef57d7e3e39526b

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Done with printing working now on Presentation text+ one more image

IMG_9444 IMG_9447IMG_9450

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Model Crack_2

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UPDATE + To Do List.

Holla,

Almost done with drawings for Crack 2…..

for Tuesday:

1)2 views for Crack 2. before and after the Crack.

2) ANOTATION and text (finalise pages)!!!

3) print

For Thursday:

1)Model.

 

 

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working on Crack 2_

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Mark for you :)

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update_( will post later on Crack 2 )

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model Crack_1 moving on to Crack 2_

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Building 1st Model( testing 2 types of movement)

IMG_9325

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Update

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Push Push Puuuuushh

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Sketches- working on details for Crack 1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alooha..

This morning I have been working on the details of “Crack 1″

I had to re-draw some details in order to figure out the exact position of the Room inside the frame.  I figured out the mechanics I need for the first transformation and now I am 3D modelling. will post more later on so you can see the whole thing.

xxxxx

 

IMG_9286 IMG_9287 IMG_9288 IMG_9289 IMG_9290 IMG_9291

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Previous Thumbnails Done. now moving on..

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finish most of the previous pages. 4 spreads left.

IMG_9268

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Thumbnails

16 previous spreads which I want to finalise by tomorrow and 15 new spreads for my first Crack.

IMG_9230 IMG_9229

 

xxxxxx

Pc:we got Beconce Tickets!!!!! emmmaaaaa hahah

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massive update.

CALVINOS ROOMS RENDER CALVINOS FRAME mkj copy Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.30.41 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.31.09 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.30.47 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.30.57 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.31.22 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.31.28 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.30.41 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.31.35 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-15 at 6.31.04 PM

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Building my second scene

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Interesting………….

Rotating Kitchen Zeger Reyers (Artist Turns an Entire Room Upside Down)

Greg Lynn Egg

 

Screen Shot 2016-02-08 at 9.59.16 PM

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New attempt to build the enfilade! (Starting from the Frame and moving to the the set of circulation spaces)

FRAME 2IMG_9131

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Feedback from jury

Seems like you are designing the experience

In real life – the one point where you might design that is in a steate that involved time stage , film , exhibition

What are the things that can be moved?

Versailles- enfilade+ the back hidden service corridor. Like sliding ddoors . the slippage between all the movement

MOST EXTRAORFINARY SET OF CIRCULATION SPACE.

Do we fall over when the blog rolls over?

Could be a hinge to another connection

That might be how the light comes in and illuminated and change effect space when light shift, or shutter closes.

 

 

Where’s the most frightening moment to leak – fail.

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TS pages

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UPDATE

Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.29.56 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.33.26 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.32.51 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.30.14 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.29.19 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 7.29.27 PM

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1ST Condition from Artefact to Space of production

1 7 sd4 Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 4.26.21 PM Screen Shot 2016-02-04 at 4.26.31 PM

 

I need to do one more axo drawing to explain the rotation system.

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Killing the box – working on first condition _ from landscape to interior update

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Hallelujah……

Holla,

on saturday I finished all the drawings from the model and today I started working on the first scene/moment out of the 3 moments we talked about on friday.

Building connections between.

1. landscape- architects office

2.artifact -space of production

3. city – screen

 

 

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More ts spreads.

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New TS spread (connecting the dots)

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A R C H_ B o d i e s

Hollaa.

During the weekend I was mainly focusing on studio and on finalising the triptych exquis box. I am working also on the ” Architectural body” drawings in the form of strip drawings. Some drawings worked nicely as a composition others not so much. Is a matter of experimentation that is why I am trying to make as many as possible.( at the moments I have only 25)  This tryptih is meant to be interactive and the audience needs to find and compose “the bodies”.

 

so much more to do but its fun!

see y tmr xxx

 

IMG_8937 IMG_8940 IMG_8941 IMG_8935 IMG_8936

 

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ts book coming together + one small model for my exquis corps triptych

IMG_8876Screen Shot 2016-01-21 at 5.14.58 PMScreen Shot 2016-01-21 at 5.15.07 PMIMG_8873IMG_8879IMG_8874IMG_8875

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Trying to work on Ts and Studio at the same time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holla

so for the last couple of days I been trying to find a way while working on studio the work I produce to take it and elaborate on it more with explanatory drawings for Ts.

While thinking about the context and how to argue for the exquisite corpse in architecture I am working on connections and joining techniques for ts.

For studio:

1)The following box is part of the triptych “Exquis corps” its the place where you will take the strip drawings from the main box (the one with the iPad) and assemble them. it is meant to be an interactive-performative moment for the audience to try to assemble architectural bodies.

I was trying to assemble a first version of this on Friday but it looked ugly and not working properly so i tried to design a new one.

Now I need to continue to work on the strip drawings and then make the gif that will be constantly playing on the iPad.)

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Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 2.10.28 PM Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 3.54.26 PM

2) For a while a have been thinking to do a mini version of my model that will include only booklets drawings and information about the grains. This model comes before the exquisite corpse box. This is the moment where we first find the grains in this continuous looping model.

the 6 boxes are going to have the booklets inside, everything else is supporting structure that allowed the model model to move rotate and freeze on the the 6 different stages.

The holes are for the magnets, you won’t be able to see the wholes because there will be inside the mdf. the whole model will be covered with the same book binding fabric which I used on the exquis corpse box.

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For Ts:

I was quite overwhelmed during the weekend with the amount of work that needs to be done so I took the decision to simplify things and start step by step to organise my thoughts.

1) Continuous paper technique:

Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 2.05.42 PMScreen Shot 2016-01-18 at 2.07.29 PM

2) Continuous model (with fabric joints)

 

 

Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 3.26.17 PM    Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 3.25.59 PM

3) Now I am working on explanatory drawings for big model.

Screen Shot 2016-01-18 at 4.28.09 PM

Thats is where I am am now.

 

Ts Book spreads –>will post later I am still working on them.

 

 

bye bye

 

M

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Exquis corps triptych box update

These are some sketches for 3rd box. The third box will bring together 4 fragments in the form of one body (exquis corps). There will movement as well where when you pull out the boxes you will read the drawings as individual fragments.

IMG_8834 IMG_8833 IMG_8832 IMG_8831

 

will post later tonight picture of the physical box which i am still working on.

 

 

 

 

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Happy New Year!!

Hi everyone! I hope you enjoyed the holidays!

My Schedule for this week:

1) Exquis corps drawings: Drawings and photos (+references+protagonists+event spaces+artifacts) of my grains which I made during the first term I want to present them in the form of exquisite corpse drawings.

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2) Exquis corps gif:  once i finish the drawings and figure out the sequence of the drawings my aim is to make a gif like this –>

https://media.giphy.com/media/xTk9ZQXzZZQMxfv6NO/giphy.gif

3)Exquis corps presentation box: During the holidays I designed this presentation box where on the right hand once you open it, the gif is constantly playing. On the top and bottom space of the screen there will be piles of drawing strips,where one can take and place them on the left boxes and try to figure out the sequence of the drawings.

IMG_8779IMG_8777IMG_8782IMG_8776

4) On Friday I booked the photo studio to film my first model, my aim is to do a stop frame animation. I thought during my presentation not to perform the old model anymore and project an animation on the screen.

Next week is Ts week plus to start working on the next version of the model.

 

See You tmr!

I am bringing Vasilopita cake! (Greek New Years tradition- you will see tmr ;)

xxxxxxx

 

 

 

 

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Artifact vs production

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TS update table of contents ( putting things together to see the order of the pages for Chapter 1 and 2)

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Working on TS

List to do for the first TS meetings :

1.Rotation References Drawings

2.Model (Recon) drawings explaining rotation

3.Escher’s models explain illusions

4. Table of Contents.

 

Rotating References  so far:

1. Casa Girasole

villagirasole02

2.Escher models ( rotation Illusion)

Relativity

3. Rubic’s cube core mechanism

rubix1

4. 360 stage U2

U2-360_8_3301099b (more…)

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Fragment study models update

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Working on Drawing technics 

Sorry for the bad quality of this screen shot of my render  Will post more and proper photos after 7.  Xxxx 

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Model photos

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+ ref

unnamedtwisting-paths-100531517-origwireframe Screen_Shot_2014-04-09_at_20

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Spatial Discontinuous Fragments vs Axonometric Visual allignment

Having as a reference Escher’s drawings and the Monument Valley game  I tried to make some series of models for me to understand how my models can have spatial discontinuity and axonometric visual continuity at the same time.

i am going to the lecture now. will post more later on.

 

xxxxx

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1st ”Frankenstein” Drawing/ little corpses+ ref

1 1249_26081910964 2012AA41369

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drawing references

nick_final_siteplan_500 int05_ce_dibujos_007 Final_Big_Drawing

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Next step. Using the model as a drawings Machine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hi everyone,

I am working on a drawing of my physical model at the moment. My aim is to use my device as a drawing machine which will generate juxtaposition drawings.

At the same time I am trying to redesign the model in order to make the model more beautiful. (change the materials , type of glue, colour, joins, space for magnets etc.)

(the one I had on the jury was the 4th model, I think the 25th will look beautiful :)

for tomorrow I want to have at least one drawing showing one juxtaposition. I have to first finish the drawing of the whole model and then zoom in and focus on relationships.

 

 

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My list of things to model ( laser cut + 3d printing)

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Things that are done:

1)Here is my list of things which i decided to model for each grain.

2)The 3d printings are all done and by tomorrow morning at 11:00 ( finger crossed) I will have all of them apart from 2 which i am printing tomorrow.

3)Today I laser cut also the unfolding – box model where all the models and drawings are going to be placed.

Things to do:

1)Now i am working on the drawings which i need to laser cut tomorrow.

2) booklet for grains info

3) place the models and drawings inside the boxes.

5) presentation text

 

 

 

 

 

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Calvino

Notes laser

Words laser

The emblem quickness laser

Perseus laser

Image laser

Siena map laser

The book laser

Calvino’s pen 3d print

The auditorium 3d print

Calvino’s room 3d print

 

Piss paintings

Canvas flat laser

The painting laser

Copper paint box laser

Urine liquid

Toilet floor and legs urine 3d print

Factory 3d print

 

 

Kitchen Debate

Plan of the kitchen with krutchev and Nixon laser

Plan of Moscow laser

Plan of NY laser

Nixons office laser

Railings 3d print

Kitchen model 3d print

 

 

Fat Architecture

The issue Architects journal laser

The office afterwards. 1 laser

The office afterwards. 2 laser

The office afterwards. 3 laser

The grave 3d print

Biennale project. 3d print

The grace Perry 3d print

The office FAT 3d print

 

 

Network

AA Application form laser

Letter of rejection email laser

Studio laser

Table panel laser

1-2 Chairs (Panel) laser

Many chairs (network) laser

Diploma corridor laser

Open plan Morwell Street laser

Morwell street vs the Bedford square. laser

The portfolio 3d print

 

 

 

3D printer

Space of rhino laser

Novel science fiction laser

Laptop laser

Pinhead of the 3D printer next to a building 3d print

City 3d print

 

 

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Model

  My model is underneath this pile of books will post properly when it dry(1hour) 

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Interesting references

Rachel Whiteread is an English artist who primarily produces sculptures, which typically take the form of casts.

Rachel_whitereadwien_holocaust_mahnmal_wien_judenplatz Untitled (Stairs) 2001 by Rachel Whiteread born 1963 WHITEREAD-1993-House-View-2_photo-by-Sue-Omerod-1024x684 whitereadStacks

 

Aldo Rossi Monument

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Discovering the Architectural fossil!(Cultural Boolean)

Following up the discussion we had on Tuesday, I started thinking what do I really want to take from each grain:

Calvino:As conceptual starting point I want to keep Calvino’s talks where he defines his values through its opposite .

Fat: the grave

2029: the network

3D printing(additive layered technique): subtracting layered technique

Kitchen Debate: the debate

Piss paintings: Copper (oxidation)

So how do we define architecture through something that it is not?

I started thinking processes of erasure and I came up with the idea of the copper mine.

The idea for the copper mine came not only from ”piss painting” but from the process of 3d Printing. Since 3d printing is an additive layered manufacturing technique what would  it be its opposite? A subtracting layered technique.

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2-IMG_2952-2   ewrgfwe

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nasa’s Picture : copper mine landscape:

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Botticelli abyss of hell:

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What do you take from each project?

Kitchen Debate: ”The debate”

Calvino: define something through its opposite.

PissPainings: Copper (oxidation)

2029: Network

Fat: the grave ( life vs death)

3D printer: additive manufacturing (layers)

 

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Notes from Tuesdays pin up

Notes from previous conversation

 

  • I am are using the piss painting as a bases through which to look all the others or to work through the others.
  •  Calvino’s talks as a conceptual starting point
  • The technic was the piss paintings wheather or not that leads you anywhere
  • Here is one meats another equals a 3rd its not opposite is a collision it’s a chemical reaction.

 

  • Output creates input. ( piss paintings )

 

  • Pollok: the important part with his paintings they become a documentation of the technic with which he create the objects are the technic.

 

  • You can not separate the way they where created with the object.

 

  • The piss painting is something equal

 

  • You can not separate the fact that he piss on them with the object its self you can not separate the one or another

 

  • The objects are a manifestation of the technic. How could you create 5 objects that actually become the manifestation of the technic?

 

  • Rather than thinking about the yin and the yang think about the conversions between the two.

 

  • Debate of 2 materials.

 

  • Fat design the event

 

  • What do you take from each grain. ?

 

 

  • how you make one object that shows the debate.

 

  • The cultural Boolean.

 

  • How does it become generative?

 

  • The sampling machine that becomes the vehicle to look all 6 projects.

 

  • The book that you keep identify oppositions

 

  • Defining architecture through something that it is not.
  • You don’t have the object , You have the foot print
  • You have what the object is not.
  • The architectural fossil s(apolithoma)
  • Defining a thing with what it isn’t

 

The technic

 

  • Processes of erasure etching boo leaning boo leaning, excavating

 

  • What are the materal technics would be the fossil or the Boolean

 

Piss painting reenactment: it stays so surface based its not eroding into a material

 

3d models worked

 

The ball is good because it has no orientation

 

The continues drawing is fine it needs work

 

Its forced to have constantly a relationship with what it is next to each other

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2Dimentional and 3Dimentional experiments with opposites.

2DMaterial: sheets of copper,brass, silver, steel,lead,canvas

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3D Materials Foam, plaster, cement.

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Dissolving materials:Ammonia, Scopas Cupa, Spray paint, Aceton, plastic weld

 

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Results: I filmed the process for each experiment unfortunately i can’t uploaded the files are too heavy: i will show them tomorrow.

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Complementary (opposite) colours + working on the 1st drawing of the ”Continuous drawing”

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Working on the technique

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Working on the Continuous drawing!

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The continuous drawing!

   
    
    
    
    
    
 

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The Continuum (Common threads through the 6 different projects ) Update

The Continuum

Common threads through the 6 different projects 

Connection 1: Comparison And Contrast – The Notion of Extreme

Opposites. 

In the majority of these projects the subject artist, architects, authors and politicians explain and define their points of view by contrasting them with their opposites. Things are defined as much by what “they are not,” than by what they actually are. Some examples:

1.The Kitchen Debate: In the name of breaking the ice of the Cold War, Nixon and Khrushchev hold exhibits in each other’s countries as a part of cultural exchange. The Americans took the opportunity to showcase a modern American kitchen in Moscow as a way of promoting capitalism . The Soviets hold their exhibition in NY. The cultural exchange is simply a platform for each politician to promote his opposite political beliefs in. The choice of two cities, New York and Moscow are a stark contract to each other. In fact they are opposites. New York is the symbol or wealth, sophistication and imperialism while post war Moscow was poor and trying desperately to feed its masses.

(American exhibitionà in the communist Soviet union

the Soviet Union Exhibitionà in New York.

Warhol uses the commonplace and the mundane to create art: Campbell’s soup cans, lurid newspaper clippings, photos of guns, celebrities, urine

2A Andy Warhol’s Piss Paintings: Instead of using paint to create art, Warhol does exactly the opposite. He essentially destroys his canvas, which in this case is covered in cooper paint, by using urine. The urine oxidizes the cooper thus creating a piece of art out that isn’t .

2B The use of urine as Warhol’s “artistic medium” is interesting. Urine is not only mundane but ubiquitous, everyone whether rich or poor expels it from their body. Yet, the body always makes more. Urine unlike paint, is not precious, everyone has an infinite supply. Warhol, the darling of the art world, instead uses it to create not just art, but portraits. A Portrait is specific, unique and directly connected to one’s identity, like an image in a mirror. Typically, portraits remain in families for generations, they are symbols of stability, lineage, legacy and identity. Warhol turned that very notion upside down by creating portraits from urine, a substance that is essentially waste material.

3A.In the case of the Six Memos of the Next Millennium, Calvino describes the idea of lightness by contrasting it with its opposite, heaviness. He explains that he often subtracts weight from stories by using fewer words, in order to create lightness. Quickness is the ability of a writer to control the pace of the story.

3B.Calvino introduces his personal motto‘’Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly)’’ which coincides with Quickness. Opposites, again…

3C. On the notion of visibility, Calvino says that in a world where visual images dominate, our words need to be vivid to gain attention and stand out. He uses Word as the opposite of Image.

3D.On Multiplicity Calvino talks about a world of systems, where each system leads into another system. One system conditions the other and is conditioned by others.

In this world of systems there are infinite, they have no ending, as each system leads into the another. Here we have a constant exchange between the one and the other system.

(This is a concept can be applied to all six of my examples: Theoretically in a utopian communist society the power and the means of production belong to the people, conversely in capitalism, wealth and power is in the hands of a few. Positive and Negative, Yin and Yang – opposite forces are actually complementary, The concept of duality forming a whole. One influences the other, and one cannot exist without the other, there is a constant ‘’exchange” between the different systems)

4.In the case of FAT: they engineered their own death as a way to reinvent themselves. The death of one, begets the death of another. Life vs. Death, New vs. Old. It is a way to make a new start, a new beginning.

5A.In the case of the 2029, The network applies to the AA diploma school, 4th year, they were rejected as a means for them to continue at the AA, they had to accept the offer for a 3rd year. Acceptance vs.Rejection.

5B. Regarding the moment of ‘’singularity’’ (the concept of when robots and humans merge to become one). Is based on the idea that in order for the human race to survive, we must adapt, and physically merge with artificial intelligence. Humans must fully accept technology in order to evolve. Humans and Robots (technology) are opposites.

6A. In the case of the 3D printer the contradiction lies in shifting the way we think of constructing buildings. Essentially we have been by using variations of brick and mortar, since the beginning of time, the idea is that we would evolve to the using 3D technology instead. Brick & Mortar vs. 3D technology are opposites.

6B. In some types of 3d printers in order to have an object 3d printed (positive volume) you need to have the negative volume before.

Positive volume vs Negative.

Connection 2: Time of the event takes place in the present but it refers to the future.

The protagonists all exist in their present time but they are referring to behaviors or ideas that will be become reality in the future.

1.The Kitchen Debate:   Nixon argument is that this 1959 state-of-the art kitchen is what the typical American housewife is currently using. Where Khrushchev looks at the exhibition as something that Soviets can aspire to having in the future.

  1. At the time Andy Warhol created the Piss Paintings, the portraits were considered too extreme even for the sophisticated New York art scene. Critics hated the work, referring to it as “meaningless and disgusting”. However 40 years later, this has changed, and the Piss Paintings are considered important pieces of art .

Warhol’s Piss paintings look a future where the artist’s tools are not limited to pigments. By going in the opposite extreme direction Warhol challenged the status quo and changed our notion of what constitutes art forever.

  1. Calvino’s memos are lectures on the values of literature which he felt were important for the coming millennium.
  1. FAT uses death as a a path to reinvention. According to FAT the architect needs to ‘’die’’ in the present in order to move forward in the future. Only in death is he able to find new ideas that will make architecture once again meaningful . Successful architects in the future will not be architects at all.

5.We are discussing it now, but referring to something that will take place in the future.

Connection 3: The future Audience

All of the prompts look to the future, in the sense that these ideas were radical for the period in which they were introduced. Most people didn’t grasp the meaning and importance of these concepts because they were before their time. These ideas would gain acceptance from the majority of the audience sometime in the future.

  1. Soviets in 50 years would have state-of-the-art kitchens.
  2. Warhol’s Piss Paintings would be appreciated as avant-garde art in the future
  3. Calvino’s essays referred to values of literature that would be important to writers of the future, writers of “the new millennium.”
  4. Architects would cease to exist in the future
  5. To survive and evolve, future humans would have adapt to technology being part of their bodies. They would be techno/human hybrids.
  6. Construction methods and building timelines and materials would change radically because of future of 3D printer technology. .

Connection 4: Forms of “death” and destruction.

  1. Richard Nixon was the only U.S. president who opted to resign rather than face impeachment because of the Watergate scandal. It was a political death.
  2. Oxidation is the destruction/deterioration of a metallic surface.
  3. Calvino died and never wrote the last chapter of his lecture.
  4. Fat engineered their own death as a form of reinvention
  5. Humans as we now know them, will merge with artificial intelligence and evolve/change into a hybrid life form that is perhaps part man, part machine.
  6. Traditional brick and mortar construction methods will become extinct when the 3D printer technology takes over. 

Connection 5: Personal perspectives

Opinions And Perspectives (subjective opinions)

  1. In The Kitchen Debate each leader represents different cultural values through political ideologies. Nixon’s perspective on communism is at odds with Khrushchev’s ideas on capitalism. Nixon believes that the Soviet people have next to nothing, while Khrushchev believes that American’ consumers have too many frivolous gadgets.
  2. Warhol’s perspective on self-portraits pokes fun elitism and “preciousness.”
  3. Calvino’s perspective on literature in the future takes on the academic status quo by making words that matter meaningful and succinct. He also advocates interconnectedness as a value.
  4. FAT’s Perspective on architects in the future seems to have originated from the idea the present day architects have strayed away from their artistic mission and have become “door counters.” So why bother?
  1. Panels perspective on the Network and Ray Kurzweil on singularity
  2. Our perspective on construction
  • The concept of perspectives is directly connected with ideas and comparisons of the extreme. We need to get un-stuck and free ourselves from judgments in order to embrace new and different ideas. We look at one extreme in order to find its corollary opposite (the other extreme).

Connection 6: Different ways of recording of the events.

  1. The Kitchen Debate: Recorded on Television and shown to the world in news-clips.
  2. Warhol’s Piss Paintings: Recorded on canvas.
  3. Calvino’s : Recorded on book.
  4. Recorded on article.
  5. Recorded in the present (it’s a prediction)
  6. Recorded in the present (it’s a prediction)

Connection 7: Protagonist- artifact- space of the event

  1. Nixon, Khrushchev – Debate – Kitchen
  2. Andy, Hugo, Cutronie – piss paintings – The Factory
  3. Calvino – Book (lectures) – Auditorium
  4. FAT –                           -
  5. Network – Portfolio- Diploma Studio
  6. 3D Printer – City – Rhino space.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Update text ( Grains)

  • The Kitchen Debate: 1959

A heated argument about the Cold War breaks out in modern kitchen

Communism vs. Capitalism

  • Moscow July 24, 1959: An ideological war of words between Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev and American Vice President Richard Nixon broke out in a state of the art showroom kitchen, installed by the Americans as part of a cultural exchange between the two superpowers. It was a way for the Americans to show off what the typical American had and what the Soviets were missing
  • The two men, both seemingly polite, argued in what has become known as the ‘Kitchen Debate’
  • Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States between 1969 to 1974. He is the only U.S. president to resign the office.
  • Architect Andrew Geller was the design supervisor for the exhibition called “Typical American House,” which took place in Moscow.
  • The exhibition featured the latest home appliances, televisions ,a model house priced to sell to an ‘average’ American family, farm equipment, automobiles, boats, sporting equipment and a children’s playground etc. All geared to the working class American consumer.

 

  • The Americans wanted to demonstrate the advantages of capitalism to the Soviets.

 

  • The displays at the exhibit were successful in promoting the American way of life, as superior to the Soviet lifestyle under communism.

 

  • Under the terms of the US/Soviet agreement, no political material would be displayed in either exhibition. While the Soviets were interested in promoting Russia’s Industrial and technological achievements, the Americans saw an opportunity for propaganda, by promoting the idea that Americans enjoyed a higher standard of living.
  • Although both men were polite on the surface, the tension was evident. at one point after Khrushchev had seen numerous washers, dryers, toasters and mixers, he quipped that the only thing missing was an American machine that “puts food into the mouth and pushes it down”.Nixon responded by saying at least the competition was technological, rather than military. Both men agreed that the United States and the Soviet Union should seek areas of agreement.

 

  • Piss Paintings: 1977

‘Andy Warhol tips his canvases on the floor, pees on them, calls them the Piss Paintings’

  • In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Andy Warhol began to explore abstraction.

 

  • In December 1977 Warhol began the Oxidations canvases made up of coppery yellows, oranges and greens. Surprisingly, the only paint used by Warhol in this work was the metallic copper background.

 

  • Warhol invited his friends to urinate onto canvas covered in metallic paint in order to cause oxidation. The uric acid reacted with the copper in the paint, removing components of the pure metal to form mineral salts.

 

  • Warhol and his collaborators experimented with both pattern and coloration by using a variety of metallic background paints and by varying the maker’s fluid and food intake.

 

  • His chief collaborators on this project were Ronnie Cutronie and Victor Hugo.

 

  • Ronnie Cutronie was Warhol’s Factory assistant from 1972 until 1980 and he was an American pop artist famous for his large-scale paintings of some of America’s favorite cartoon characters, such as Felix the Cat, Pink Panther and Woody Woodpecker.

 

  • According to Warhol, Cutronie took a lot of Vitamin B, which caused the copper pigment to oxidize a particularly green color’.

 

  • Another collaborator who was asked to ‘assist’, much to Warhol’s delight, was Victor Hugo, a Venezuelan window-designer (showcases) based in New York, and a close friend of and photographic model for Andy Warhol in some of his Art Works.

 

  • The Oxidation paintings are self-portraits of Victor Hugo and Ronnie Cutronie. Like blood, urine is rich in DNA.

 

  • Urine marked territories; they trace signs of identity, even if that identity is unknown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3) Six Memos for the Next Millennium by Italo Calvino: 1985

 

‘Italo Calvino died before writing the sixth memo for his series of lectures titled Six memos for the Next Millennium’

 

  • The lectures never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy. The memos are lectures on the values of literature which Calvino felt would be important in the coming millennium.

 

  • At the time of his death Calvino had finished all, but his final lecture which was to be on Consistency.

 

  • The values which Calvino focused upon are:

 

  1. Lightness
  2. Quickness
  3. Exactitude
  4. Visibility
  5. Multiplicity

 

 

Lightness

 

  • According to Calvino, Lightness is best explained as the opposite of heaviness. He explains that he is often concerned with subtracting weight from stories and language.
  • In order bring home his point about the quality of lightness, Calvino uses the myth of Perseus.

 

  • (Perseus was the Greek mythological hero who killed Medusa. At birth, Medusa is described as being beautiful. However, when Athena discovered Poseidon raping Medusa in Athena’s temple, she transformed Medusa’s hair into serpents and gave her a face so terrible to behold that seeing it turned onlookers to stone. Knowing this, Perseus devised a way to view Medusa’s reflection in his mirrored shield and was able to behead her without looking directly at her.)

 

  • This story illustrates the quality of lightness because it speaks to perspective. Just as Perseus had to devise a different way to see Medusa without actually looking at her, we must look at things from a different perspective in order to work towards lightness.

 

Quickness

 

  • Calvino introduces his own personal motto about Quickness: Festina Lente.
  • Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly) is the motto that accompanies this emblem. It means that when working one should strive for haste, but not speed. Speed sacrifices quality, haste embodies diligence.

 

  • Quickness is the ability of a writer to control the pace of the story
  • Quickness in writing develops rapidity and rhythm on the page; the pronunciation can create a tempo.
  • Writing should have rapidity but not so much that the substance suffers.

 

Exactitude

  • According to Calvino, exactitude means three things:
  • A well defined and well calculated plan for the work in question.
  • A evocation of clear, incisive, memorable visual images.
  • A language as precise as possible in choice of words and in expression of the subtleties of imagination.

Visibility

  • Calvino says that in our current society we are constantly inundated with images. So in a world where visuals and images dominate, our words need to be vivid to gain attention.

 

  • Calvino uses a personal anecdote to explain Visibility. He says that when he was a child he mostly wrote stories based on visual imagery. For example: a boy climbs a tree and then makes his way from tree to tree without ever coming down to earth. Another example involves an empty suit of armor that moves and speaks as if someone were inside.

 

  • When he became a more experienced writer he altered his viewpoint on the written word, believing that words are more important than visuals.

 

 

Multiplicity

 

  • Calvino’s Multiplicity is the most abstract of all his concepts. Multiplicity is based on a world of systems. Each system exists within a system, each system conditions the others and is conditioned by them.
  • In this world of systems there is no ending, because each system leads into another.
  • Calvino appreciates overambitious works that set goals beyond the author’s reach.
  • These works are ones that usually try to define the universe but never find an end because of all the possible connections that are able to be made between different systems.

 

 

4) FAT (Fashion Architecture Taste): 2013 

‘Fat engineered its own death as a means for reinvention’

 

  • The studio was directed by Sean Griffiths, Charles Holland and Sam Jacob

 

 

  • In 2013 they felt like they had explored the potential of their work as much as possible. And they planed to end their 23-year-old practice with the completion of two major projects.

 

 

  • The curation of the British Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014.

 

  • In 2014 they edited an issue of the ‘’Architect’s Journal’’ (magazine), titled ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’

 

  • They wrote about. Why ‘’death’’ might be the healthiest architectural option.

 

  • They discussed how resurrection, zombification, and other kinds of after lives have always been essential to new ideas in architecture.

 

  • They muse on death as a design project.

 

  • They wanted to celebrate the architects without the architecture. They suggested a new path for those of us, who had benefitted from a good education, but want to escape the world of procurement, crap money and door schedules.’

 

  • ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’suggests new beginnings, ways to make architecture meaningful and important again.

 

  • They came to the conclusion that the architectural profession in its current form will not survive and that the successful architects of the future will not be architects at all. They will be engaged in a much wider range of activities, they will be more entrepreneurial and will operate outside of the profession.

 

  • They discuss the battle between the definitions of architecture as discipline and as a These two ideas are often at odds, partly because the discipline is the idea of architecture that echoes down throughout the centuries while the profession is relatively a recent invention that has essentially hijacked the term to make it mean something else.

 

  • By making architecture a function of business and bureaucracy, it has offered up an idea of what an architect is. He/she can easily be picked off by those better prepared for business and bureaucracy. On the other hand , it is ascending its disciplinary ground to other forms of creative practice.

 

 

5) Network applies at the AA: 2029

‘In 2029, a network applies to the Diploma school. The interview panel rejects it and suggests third year. Network appeals the decision.’

Ray Kurzweil. Google’s director of engineering inventor has predicted that Machines will achieve human-level artificial intelligence by 2029.

 

  • Kurzweil, who is considered by many to be the world’s leading artificial intelligence visionary. He is famous for popularizing the idea of “the singularity” – a moment in the future when humans and machines will converge.

 

  • Kurzweil believes machines and humans will eventually merge through implants in the body designed to boost intelligence and health.

 

  • Kurzweil: “We’re already a human machine civilization; we use technology to expand our physical and mental horizons and this will be a further extension of that.”

 

  • Kurzweil: “Intelligent nanobots will be imbedded into our brains through the capillaries and interact directly with our biological neurons,”

 

  • The entrepreneur and futurologist predicted that in 15 years computers will be more intelligent than humans and they will be able to understand what we say, learn from their experience, make jokes, tell stories and even flirt. Bladerunner anyone?

 

 

 

 

 

 

6) Gigantic 3D Printer 

‘In 2044 building sized 3d printers will make copies of what cities were supposed to look like as described in old fashioned science fiction novels.’

  • This giant technology (gigantic 3D printers) will be able to create entire structures out of concrete.

 

  • The 3D printing technology is called “contour crafting,”

 

  • Contour crafting could also reduce the cost of owning a home, and make it easier to repair homes that are damaged by natural catastrophes.

 

  • Contour crafting would also embed all of the necessary requirements to run a home, such as electricity, plumbing and air conditioning.

 

  • Using this process, a single house or a colony of houses, each with a different design, may be automatically constructed in a single run.

 

 

D shape 3D printer

  • D-Shape is a new robotic building system that uses new materials to create superior stone-like structures. The inventor is Italian robotics engineer, Enrico Dini.

 

  • In 2009 Dini worked with architect Andrea Morgante to print a three-meter-high pavilion resembling a giant egg with large holes on its surface.

 

  • Dini worked with designer Marco Ferreri in 2010 to create the first dwelling to be printed in one piece. The resulting “house” – a one-room structure resembling a mountain hut.

 

  • “It’s a very historical piece,” says Dini. “It was the first attempt to print a building.”

 

  • Unfortunately it broke while being transported.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 houses in a day

 

  • A Company namedWinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent.

 

  • Also The world’s tallest 3D printed building –a five-story apartment

 

Whole building in one go

 

  • Janjaap Ruijssenaars: In 2009 entered a competition for a location in Belwell, on the western coast of Ireland. The location was so beautiful that he thought, that bringing traditional architecture would cut into the landscape. So the question was: “can you make a building like landscape?”

 

  • The idea was to create a continuous structure that doesn’t have a beginning and doesn’t have an end.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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exploration through casting has began!!

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update text

The Continuum

Common threads through the 6 different projects.

Connection 1: Comparison- contrast – αντιπαραβολή – The notions of the Extreme

Most of the projects in order to highlight (explain) their point they use as an example the exact opposite.i.e

1.In the case of the ‘’kitchen debate’’ Nixon and Khrushchev hold exhibits in each other’s countries as a cultural exchange. In order for the American to promote capitalism they hold an exhibition in the Soviet Union in Moscow and vs. The soviets hold exhibition in NY. They use as a platform to promote their political beliefs, location that has the exact opposite beliefs.

(American exhibitionà in the communist Soviet union and

the Soviet Union Exhibitionà in New York.

2A In the case of Andy Warhol: instead of using paint to draw, he does exactly the opposite , he destroys painting in order to draw. The urine destroys the copper-paint-background because of the oxidation reaction.

2B.Also the urine is something that our body eliminates. It is something that the body wants to get rid of and don’t be part of our body- system. Andy instead uses it to create portraits. A Portrait is something that is directly connected with our identity. Something that stays with us forever (identity) is defined by something that does not stay with us forever. (urine).

3A.In the case of the Six memos of the next millennium Calvino describes lightness through heaviness. He explains that he is often concerned with subtracting weight from stories and language in order to succeed lightness. Quickness is the ability of a writer to control the speed of the story.

3B.Calvino introduces his own personal motto and emblem ‘’Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly)’’which coincides with Quickness.

3C. On visibility Calvino says that in a world where visuals and images dominate, our words need to be vivid to gain attention. He uses the word opposite to the image.

3D.On Multiplicity Calvino talks about a world of systems, where each system within the system, conditions the others and is conditioned by the other systems.

In this world of systems there is an inability to find an ending, as each system leads onto another. Here we have a constant exchange between the one and the other system.

(This is a concept that suits to every example of the 6 projects, in order to have i.e communism vs capitalism, positive vs negative. For a positive thing to exist there needs to be a negative thing. So there is a constant ‘’exchange between the different systems)

4.In the case of FAT: they engineered their own death as a means for reinvention, as a means for a new start, a new beginning.

5A.In the case of the 2029, The network applies at the AA diploma school (4thyear), they got rejected and in order for them to continue at the AA they accept the offer for 3rd year. Acceptance vs.Rejection.

5B. Regarding the moment of ‘’singularity’’ ( the moment when robots and humans become one. We need to accept that in order for the human race to evolve we need to accept the opposite (technology) and become one.

6A. In the case of the 3D printer we put in contradiction the conventional (traditional way of construction vs the 3D printer technology.

6B. Also in some types of 3d printers in order to have an object 3d printed (positive volume) you need to have the negative volume before.

(Positive volume vs Negative.)

Connection 2: Time of the event present but refers towards the future

The protagonists exist in their present time but they refer always to the future.

1.In the case of the kitchen debate Nixon refers to the present period of time how the Typical American House is. Where Khrushchev looks at the exhibition as something that Soviets will have at the future as well.

2.When Andy Warhol made his painting they were extreme and he didn’t have good reviews for piss paintings. In the future though this changed.

He also refers to a future were painting would not need to be the tool to paint – draw but the exact opposite. He challenges what painting is or could be in the future.

3.The memos are lectures on the values of literature which Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium.

4.FAT uses death as a form of reinvention. According to FAT the architect needs to ‘’die’’ at the present moment in order to move forward to the future and find new ideas that will make architecture again meaningful.

Successful architects in the future will not be architects at all.

5.The fact that we are discussing it now and referring to the future.

6.The fact that we are discussing it now and referring to the future.

Connection 3: The future Audience

As a result all of them may not refer to the audience at their present time but the future audiences. ( the present audiences might not understand )

  1. Soviets in the future.
  2. Painting in the future
  3. Writers in the future
  4. Architects in the future
  5. Humans in the future.
  6. Construction method in the future.

Connection 4: Form of destruction and ‘’death’’.

  1. Nixon was the only president of the united states who resign.
  2. Oxidation
  3. Calvino died and he never wrote the last chapter of his lecture
  4. Fat engineered their death as a for of reinvention
  5. Human race will change to something else.
  6. Traditional construction (scaffolding) method dies and 3D printer takes over.

Connection 5: Personal perspectives

Different opinions and perspectives (subjective opinions)

  1. Kitchen debate each leader represents a different belief. Nixons perspective on communism and Khrushchev perspective on capitalism.
  2. Andy’s perspective on self-portraits.
  3. Calvino’s perspective on literature in the future.
  4. FAT’s Perspective on the future Architect.
  5. Panels perspective on the Network and Ray Kurzweil on singularity
  6. Our perspective on construction
  • The concept of perspectives is directly connected with the comparisons and notions of extreme. We must look at things from a different perspective (To look at the extreme in order to work towards the other extreme).

Connection 6: Different type of recording of the event.

  1. Recorded on TV
  2. Recorded on canvas.
  3. Recorded on book.
  4. Recorded on article.
  5. Recorded in the present (it’s a prediction)
  6. Recorded in the present (it’s a prediction)

Connection 7: Protagonist- artifact- space of the event

  1. Nixon, Khrushchev – Debate – Kitchen
  2. Andy, Hugo, Cutronie – piss paintings – The Factory
  3. Calvino – Book (lectures) – Auditorium
  4. FAT –                           -
  5. Network – Portfolio- Diploma Studio
  6. 3D Printer – City – Rhino space.
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Working on Text + Model

Hi Everyone, For the past days I was working on the continuum. Dividing my models on 3 coordinates. – Protagonists – Artifact – and Space.

Today I want to work on my text, and design the presentation for next week.  ( At the moment I just updated the grains as you see below.) now I am working on the continuum text. will post more text later on today explaining the idea of the model.

xxx

Sunny day ! :)

M

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  • Kitchen Debate: 1959

 

 

‘1959 Khrushchev and Nixon debated everything from American kitchens to American capitalism’

 

  • The Kitchen debate was a debate between Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev.

 

  • Nikita Khrushchev was a Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.

 

  • Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States between 1969 to 1974.He became the only U.S. president to resign the office.

 

  • In 1959, the Soviets and Americans had agreed to hold exhibits in each other’s countries as a cultural exchange to promote understanding.

 

  • Architect Andrew Geller was the design supervisor for the exhibition called “Typical American House,” which took place in Moscow.

 

  • The exhibition featured many displays of the latest “home appliances, televisions ,a model house priced to sell to an ‘average’ family, farm equipment, automobiles, boats, sporting equipment and a children’s playground etc, that every American family could to buy.

 

  • This exhibit was intended to narrow the gap between the Americans and the Soviets and improve the political relations between them.

 

 

  • The American politicians wanted to demonstrate the advantages of capitalism to the Soviets.

 

  • The various displays of the exhibit were all successful in promoting the American way of life as superior to the Communist regime and lifestyle.

 

  • Under the terms of the US-Soviet agreement, no political material was displayed in either exhibition. The American exhibition was less concerned with industrial and technical achievements than it was in promoting the idea that Americans enjoyed a better standard of living.
  • Khrushchev was very satirically asked if there was a machine that “puts food into the mouth and pushes it down”. Nixon responded by saying at least the competition was technological, rather than military. Both men agreed that the United States and the Soviet Union should seek areas of agreement.

 

  • Piss Paintings: 1977

 

‘Andy Warhol tips his canvases on the floor, pees on them, calls them the Piss Paintings’

 

  • In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Andy Warhol focused for the first time on the exploration of abstraction.

 

  • In December 1977 Warhol began the Oxidations canvases made up of coppery yellows, oranges and greens. Surprisingly, the only paint used by Warhol in this work was the metallic copper background.

 

  • Warhol invited friends to urinate onto a canvas covered in metallic paint in order to cause oxidation. The uric acid reacted with the copper in the paint, removing components of the pure metal to form mineral salts.

 

  • Warhol and his collaborators experimented with both pattern and coloration by using a variety of metallic background paints and by varying the maker’s fluid and food intake.

 

  • His collaborators on this project were Ronnie Cutronie and Victor Hugo.

 

  • Ronnie Cutronie was Warhol’s Factory assistant from 1972 until 1980 and he was an American pop artist famous for his large-scale paintings of some of America’s favorite cartoon characters, such as Felix the Cat, Pink Panther and Woody Woodpecker.

 

  • According to Warhol, Cutronie took a lot of Vitamin B, which caused the copper pigment to oxidize a particularly green color’.

 

  • The second collaborator in this project who was asked to ‘assist’, much to the delight of the artist was Victor Hugo who, was a Venezuelan window-designer (showcases) based in New York, and a close friend of and photographic model for Andy Warhol in some of his Art Works.

 

  • The Oxidation paintings are self-portraits of Victor Hugo and Ronnie Cutronie. Like blood, urine is rich in DNA.

 

  • Urine marked territories; they trace signs of identity, even if that identity is unknown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3) Six Memos for the Next Millennium by Italo Calvino: 1985

 

‘Italo Calvino died before writing the sixth memo for his series of lectures titled Six memos for the Next Millennium’

 

 

  • The lectures never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy. The memos are lectures on the values of literature which Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium.

 

  • At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture.

 

  • The values which Calvino highlights are:

 

 

  1. Lightness
  2. Quickness
  3. Exactitude
  4. Visibility
  5. Multiplicity

 

All that is known of the sixth lecture is that it was to be on consistency.

 

Lightness

 

  • According to Calvino, Lightness is best explained in opposition to heaviness. He explains that he is often concerned with subtracting weight from stories and language.
  • In order to further define the quality of lightness, Calvino uses the myth of Perseus.

 

  • (Perseus was a Greek hero that killed the Gorgon named Medusa. At birth, Medusa is described as being very beautiful. However, when Athena discovered Poseidon raping Medusa in her temple, she transformed Medusa’s hair into serpents and made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn onlookers to stone. In order to kill Medusa, Perseus was able to see Medusa through the reflection in his mirrored shield; he beheaded her without looking directly at her.)

 

  • This story relates to the quality of lightness because it is inherently tied to perspective. Just as Perseus had to gain a different perspective in order to kill Medusa, we must look at things from a different perspective in order to work towards lightness.

 

Quickness

 

  • Calvino introduces his own personal motto and emblem which coincides with Quickness.
  • Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly) is the motto that accompanies this emblem. It means that when working one should strive for haste, not speed. Speed sacrifices quality, haste embodies diligence.

 

  • Quickness is the ability of a writer to control the speed of the story
  • Quickness in writing has a rapidity and rhythm on the page; the pronunciation can create a tempo.
  • Writing should have rapidity but not so much that the substance suffers

 

Exactitude

 

  • According to Calvino, exactitude means three things:
  • A well defined and well calculated plan for the work in question.
  • A evocation of clear, incisive, memorable visual images.
  • A language as precise as possible in choice of words and in expression of the subtleties of imagination.

 

Visibility

  • Calvino says that in our current society we are constantly inundated with images. So in a world where visuals and images dominate, our words need to be vivid to gain attention.

 

  • Calvino uses a personal anecdote to explain Visibility. He says that when he was a child he usually preferred and wrote stories that were focused on visual images. For example: a boy who climbs a tree and then makes his way from tree to tree without ever coming down to earth, or an empty suit of armor that moves and speaks as if someone were inside.

 

  • When he became a more experienced writer he altered his viewpoint and believes instead that the written word is more important.

 

Multiplicity

 

  • Calvino’s Multiplicity is the most abstract of all his concepts. Multiplicity is based on a world of systems. Each system within the system, conditions the others and is conditioned by the other systems.
  • In this world of systems there is an inability to find an ending, as each system leads onto another.
  • Calvino appreciates overambitious works that set goals beyond the author’s reach.
  • These works are ones that usually try to define the universe but never find an end because of all the possible connections that are able to be made between different systems.

 

 

4) FAT (Fashion Architecture Taste): 2013

 

‘Fat engineered its own death as a means for reinvention’

 

 

  • The studio was directed by Sean Griffiths, Charles Holland and Sam Jacob

 

 

  • In 2013 they felt like they have explored the potential of the projects as much as possible. And they planed to end their 23-year-old practice with the completion of two major projects.

 

 

  • The curation of the British Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014.

 

  • In 2014 they edit an issue of the ‘’Architect’s Journal’’ (magazine), with the title ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’

 

  • They wrote about. Why ‘’death’’ might be the healthiest architectural option.
  • They explored how resurrection, zombification, and other kinds of after lives have always been essential to new ideas in architecture.
  • They gave all the news that’s ever happened and muse on death as a design project.
  • They wanted to celebrate architects without architecture and to suggest new paths for those of us, who having benefitted from a wonderful education, want to escape the world of procurement, crap money and door schedules.’

 

  • ’’The Life and death of the Architect.’’suggests new beginnings, ways to make architecture meaningful and important again.

 

  • They came to a conclusion that the profession in its current form will not survive and that the successful architects of the future will not be architects at all. They will be engaged in a much wider range of activities, will be more entrepreneurial and will operate outside of the profession.

 

  • They discussing the battle between the definitions of architecture as discipline or as a profession, which are often at odds, partly because the discipline is the idea of architecture that echoes down the centuries, down the millennia.
  • The profession is relatively a recent invention and has essentially hijacked the term to make it mean something else.

 

  • By making architecture a function of business and bureaucracy, it has offered up an idea of what an architect is that can easily be picked off by those better prepared for business and bureaucracy . on the other hand , it is cending its disciplinary ground to other forms of creative practice.

 

 

5) Network applies at the AA: 2029

 

‘In 2029, a network applies to the Diploma school. The interview panel rejects it and suggests third year. Network appeals the decision.’

 

 

  • Ray Kurzweil. Google’s director of engineering inventor has predicted that Machines will achieve human-level artificial intelligence by 2029.

 

  • Kurzweil, who is considered by some to be the world’s leading artificial intelligence visionary, is recognized by technologists for popularizing the idea of “the singularity” – the moment in the future when men and machines will supposedly converge

 

  • The engineer believes machines and humans will eventually merge through devices implanted in the body to boost intelligence and health.
  • We’re already a human machine civilization; we use our technology to expand our physical and mental horizons and this will be a further extension of that.”
  • We’ll have intelligent nanobots go into our brains through the capillaries and interact directly with our biological neurons,”

 

  • The entrepreneur and futurologist has predicted that in 15 years’ time computers will be more intelligent than we are and will be able to understand what we say, learn from experience, make jokes, tell stories and even flirt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

6) Gigantic 3D Printer

 

‘In 2044 building sized 3d printers will make copies of what cities were supposed to look like as described in old fashioned science fiction novels.’

 

  • This giant technology (gigantic 3D printer) will be able to create entire structures out of concrete.

 

  • The 3D printing technology is called “contour crafting,”

 

  • Apparently contour crafting could also reduce the total cost of owning a home, and make it easier to repair homes that are damaged by natural events.

 

  • Contour crafting would also embed all of the necessary requirements to run a home, such as electricity, plumbing and air conditioning.

 

  • Using this process, a single house or a colony of houses, each with possibly a different design, may be automatically constructed in a single run.

 

 

D shape 3D printer

  • D-Shape is a new robotic building system using new materials to create superior stone-like structures. The inventor is the Italian robotics engineer Enrico Dini.
  • In 2009 he worked with architect Andrea Morgante to print a three-metre-high pavilion resembling a giant egg with large holes in its surface.
  • Dini worked with designer Marco Ferreri in 2010 to create the first dwelling to be printed in one piece. The resulting “house” – a one-room structure resembling a mountain hut
  • “It’s a very historical piece,” says Dini. “It was the first attempt to print a building.”
  • Unfortunately it broke during transportation.

 

10 houses in a day

 

  • Company WinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent.

 

  • Also The world’s tallest 3D printed building –a five-story apartment

 

Whole building in one go

 

  • Janjaap Ruijssenaars: In 2009 entered a competition for a location in Belwell, on the western coast of Ireland. The location was so beautiful that he thought, that bringing traditional architecture is going to make a cut in the landscape. So our question was: “can you make a building like landscape?”
  • The question was to create a continuous structure that doesn’t have a beginning and doesn’t have an end.

 

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Protagonists rooms

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Trying to design the ”vapour”

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