Iv been reading up on history of corridors to clarify things. below are some notes:
History of the corridor
16th century Italy – the room had many doors. The house was a series of interconnected rooms in which the inhabitants walked through spontaneously encountering events and people.
The invention of the corridor & its evolution – why, how?
The idea of the corridor became relevant in the 17th century. The English used the corridor for the circulation of servants in the house. This way the family circulated and inhabited a network of rooms/spaces which were being served by the corridor which connected to each and every room of the enfilade. The arrangement of rooms were still managed by the sequence of movement through the enfilades and not the corridor.
The corridor was a device to separate those being served from those serving.
By the mid 19th century, the corridor became the key feature in organising the house. Enfilades were replaced and the use of the corridor became radically different to that of the 17th century. The corridor became a means to segregating spaces/rooms.
The increasing populations of cities lead to a lot of informal settlements with spread of disease and unsanitary living habits. A lot of slums in European cities were being wiped out and people were rehoused in social housing estates. Housing units were being designed with compartmentalised spaces for different functions in the house to prevent the spread of disease and unhygienic living habits.
The corridor was used to segregate the various spaces within the house – a pragmatic solution to the problem – at this point it still wasn’t understood as circulation space.
In the 20th century, industrialisation was all about efficiency.
This then affects the way we understand the corridor today as circulation space – the corridor gains value for its abilities to connect.
Space was divided into two clear: inhabited rooms and unoccupied circulation space – the spaces were given clear functions without any overlap of functions.
This reduced accidental encounters which would be distracting and inefficient. The door to any room was easy to access through the corridor.
Contemporary condition – The death of the corridor – how, why, when this death occurs?
I am writing my “prospectus” text now to clarify my argument and set out exactly what i am doing – contemporary condition – the death of the corridor:
architecture = portal
text coming soon!!!!