(Potential Enclave #1)
Park Vacaresti has had an agonistic history. Before 1986, the place was a swamp. In 1986, the new Communist regime under Nicolae Ceausescu decided to transform the place into the largest water reservoir in Bucharest. Construction lasted for three years, until the dictator was shot and it was found that the built wall of the dam had an engineering fault. The area became a 1.67 sq km patri dish. Over a period of 23 years, an area developed a rich ecology. In 2013, researchers identified over a 100 species of flora and fauna. In 2014, Vacaresti was declared a protected zone and thus the largest nature park in eastern Europe.
Despite the decision, the area became an enclave not only for the flora and fauna, but also for the nomadic Roma population. Beyond the 5m tall and 20m wide wall, which few dare to enter, is a wild and unregulated zone. The wall is cracking, the animals run wild, people litter garbage and the alien Roma population set up camps and farms with salvaged materials.
Vacaresti has proven to be flexible enough to embrace constant change and debate between the government, the nature conservation agencies, and the Roma population. Therefore it has the potential to become an official permanent autonomous zone, under the regulation of the Universal Human Lefts.
(Potential Enclave #2)
Morii lake is another example of agonistic intervention of the communist regime of Nicolae Ceausescu. Made in 1986 to protect the city from floods, communist party did not hesitate to decommission existing uses of the space, which led to demolition of a Church and a cemetery. Hence the name – lake of the dead.
At the moment the lake is functional, unlike Vacarestii. Nevertheless, it contains traces of deregulation. The island in the northern part of the lake, was meant to be a port but is currently in an abandoned state. The 15 meter wall is a chaotic hybrid of pedestrian and vehicular movement. There are unfortunate cases of cars being driven into the river. Despite its abandoned and deregulated state, the lake itself is trying to be an agonistic agent of culture of Bucharest. It hosts watersports, occasional concerts and fishing.
Like the Vacaresti park, this lake of the dead is in a state of flux. It’s primary use has remained intact, however secondary functions keep appearing and disappearing. It is in a state of debate, which has the potential to be amplified in order to be the second permanent autonomous zone.